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The Unity of Linguistic Meaning John Collins (University of East Anglia)

The Unity of Linguistic Meaning par John Collins (University of East Anglia)

The Unity of Linguistic Meaning John Collins (University of East Anglia)


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Résumé

John Collins presents a new analysis of the problem of the unity of the proposition-how propositions can be both single things and complexes at the same time. He surveys previous investigations of the problem and offers his own novel and uniquely satisfying solution, which is defended from both philosophical and linguistic perspectives.

The Unity of Linguistic Meaning Résumé

The Unity of Linguistic Meaning John Collins (University of East Anglia)

The problem of the unity of the proposition is almost as old as philosophy itself, and was one of the central themes of early analytical philosophy, greatly exercising the minds of Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, and Ramsey. The problem is how propositions or meanings can be simultaneously unities (single things) and complexes, made up of parts that are autonomous of the positions they happen to fill in any given proposition. The problem has been associated with numerous paradoxes and has motivated general theories of thought and meaning, but has eluded any consensual resolution; indeed, the problem is sometimes thought to be wholly erroneous, a result of atomistic assumptions we should reject. In short, the problem has been thought to be of merely historical interest. Collins argues that the problem is very real and poses a challenge to any theory of linguistic meaning. He seeks to resolve the problem by laying down some minimal desiderata on a solution and presenting a uniquely satisfying account. The first part of the book surveys and rejects extant 'solutions' and dismissals of the problem from (especially) Frege and Russell, and a host of more contemporary thinkers, including Davidson and Dummett. The book's second part offers a novel solution based upon the properties of a basic syntactic principle called 'Merge', which may be said to create objects inside objects, thus showing how unities can be both single things but also made up of proper parts. The solution is defended from both philosophical and linguistic perspectives. The overarching ambition of the book, therefore, is to strengthen the ties between current linguistics and contemporary philosophy of language in a way that is genuinely sensitive to the history of both fields.

The Unity of Linguistic Meaning Avis

Regardless of one's perspective, this book is well worth reading, and I would recommend it to anyone interested in philosophy of language, linguistics or the intersection between the two disciplines. If you share Collins' basic assumptions, he provides a cogent defence of how one of the workhorses of syntax, Merge, offers a way into the problem of unity. If you do not share his assumptions, the book challenges alternative approaches in ways that will surely spark lively and fruitful exchanges ... Regardless of your position on these issues, the last chapter is not to be missed: it contains what may well be the best philosophical discussion of Merge and its place in linguistics. * Patricia Hanna, The Philosophical Quarterly *

À propos de John Collins (University of East Anglia)

John Collins is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of East Anglia. He has published widely in the philosophies of language and mind, and has a special interest in generative linguistics, the concepts of truth and meaning, and early analytical philosophy. He is the author of numerous articles in leading journals and Chomsky: A Guide for the Perplexed (2008).

Sommaire

Preface ; 1. Thoughts, sentences, and unities ; 2. The unity problem(s) ; 3. The priority thesis: judgement over naming ; 4. The reign of disunity ; 5. Syntax and the creation of objects: towards an explanation of unity ; 6. Clarification and defence ; 7. The linguistic status of Merge ; Bibliography ; Index

Informations supplémentaires

GOR013617226
9780198709329
0198709323
The Unity of Linguistic Meaning John Collins (University of East Anglia)
Occasion - Très bon état
Broché
Oxford University Press
2015-05-07
218
N/A
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