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Encyclopedia of Body Adornment Margo DeMello

Encyclopedia of Body Adornment By Margo DeMello

Encyclopedia of Body Adornment by Margo DeMello


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Summary

Addresses the ways in which body modification has been central to social and cultural practices.

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Encyclopedia of Body Adornment Summary

Encyclopedia of Body Adornment by Margo DeMello

People everywhere have attempted to change their bodies in an effort to meet their cultural standards of beauty, as well as their religious and/or social obligations. Often times, this modification or adornment of their bodies is part of the complex process of creating and re-creating personal and social identities. Body painting has probably been practiced since the Paleolithic as archaeological evidence indicates, and the earliest human evidence of tattooing goes back to the Neolithic with mummies found in Europe, Central Asia, the Andes and the Middle East. Adornments such as jewelry have been found in the earliest human graves and bodies unearthed from five thousand years ago show signs of intentional head shaping. It is clear that adorning and modifying the body is a central human practice. Over 200 entries address the major adornments and modifications, their historical and cross-cultural locations, and the major cultural groups and places in which body modification has been central to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia also includes background information on the some of the central figures involved in creating and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and other body modifications in the modern world. Finally, the book addresses some of the major theoretical issues surrounding the temporary and permanent modification of the body, the laws and customs regarding the marking of the body, and the social movements that have influenced or embraced body modification, and those which have been affected by it.

All cultures everywhere have attempted to change their body in an attempt to meet their cultural standards of beauty, as well as their religious and or social obligations. In addition, people modify and adorn their bodies as part of the complex process of creating and re-creating their personal and social identities. Body painting has probably been practiced since the Paleolithic as archaeological evidence indicates, and the earliest human evidence of tattooing goes back to the Neolithic with mummies found in Europe, Central Asia, the Andes and the Middle East. Adornments such as jewelry have been found in the earliest human graves and bodies unearthed from five thousand years ago show signs of intentional head shaping. It is clear that adorning and modifying the body is a central human practice. Over 200 entries address the major adornments and modifications, their historical and cross-cultural locations, and the major cultural groups and places in which body modification has been central to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia also includes background information on the some of the central figures involved in creating and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and other body modifications in the modern world. Finally, the book addresses some of the major theoretical issues surrounding the temporary and permanent modification of the body, the laws and customs regarding the marking of the body, and the social movements that have influenced or embraced body modification, and those which have been affected by it.

Entries include, acupuncture, amputation, Auschwitz, P.T. Barnum, the Bible, body dysmorphic disorder, body piercing, branding, breast augmentation and reduction, Betty Broadbent, castration, Christianity, cross dressers, Dances Sacred and Profane, Egypt, female genital mutilation, foot binding, freak shows, genetic engineering, The Great Omi, Greco-Roman world, henna, infibulation, legislation & regulation, lip plates, medical tattooing, Meso-America, military tattoos, National Tattoo Association, nose piercing, obesity, permanent makeup, primitivism, prison tattooing, punk, rites of passage, scalpelling, silicone injections, Stalking Cat, suspensions, tanning, tattoo reality shows, tattooing, Thailand, transgender, tribalism.

Encyclopedia of Body Adornment Reviews

In this guide, cultural anthropologist Margo DeMello explores the worlds of body adornment and modification. Her survey includes the ornamentation practices of dozens of historic, native and modern cultures, from ancient Greece, Rome and India to Russia, Sudan and new Guinea. Over forty types of body adornmdent and modification are described and explained. Coverage includes ear shaping, foot binding and scarification. Bodybuilding, fingernail treatments and tanning are presented as types of noninvasive adornment....Intended as an introduction for the general reader, this guide will serve both academic and public libraries. - Lawrence Looks at Books
[A]s an overview of a wide range of body modification practices throughout the world and time periods, this encyclopedia can be a quick starting point. Recommended for public libraries and undergraduate collections. - College & Research Libraries
Presented by the author as the first of its kind to take a comprehesive look at body modifications and body adornment around the world throughout history, this volume is indeed a well-researched, compact reference work, encompassing 207 informative entries, accompanied by 64 black-and-white and color illustrations, an extensive bibliography, a general index, plus resource organization, magazines, and web sites....Written by a well-known and prolific author specializing in cultural anthropology, this volume is recommended to reference collections at large for the benefit of laymen, students, teachers, and scholars alike. - MultiCultural Review
Body modification is a hot topic with social scientists and mainstream culture. While there are numerous report-style resources and celebrity tattoo books, none till this reference have covered the breadth and scope of the field as only a true encyclopedia can....The depth of topics covered will enthrall the casual reader and provide researchers with a tremendous amount of information. - VOYA
Tattooing and piercing may be the first things that come to mind when one thinks of body adornment, but this encyclopedia has a much wider scope, covering all major body modifications and their place is society and culture. - Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin
With over 200 entries, this encyclopedia provides a sophisticated and in-depth analysis of the phenomenon of piercing, painting, tattooing, and all manner of body modification. The author's anthropological approach appeals to both the casual reader and the serious researcher. The photo and illustration quality bring this visual topic to life. - American Libraries
While for many, body adornment and modification brings to mind the pierced and tattooed factions of contemporary youth, the 207 subjects in DeMello's (cultural anthropology, U. of California at Davis) alphabetically-arranged encyclopedia also include animal and human branding, sexual reassignment surgery, makeup, and P.T. Barnum. Additionally, the body adornment practices of major cultural and ethnic groups are discussed, as are individuals key to the popularization and understanding of body modification in the West among them Barnum, whose inked freaks brought tattooing to a wider audience. Entries are crossed referenced. - Reference & Research Book News
Cultural anthropologist Margo DeMello has written the Encyclopedia of Body Adornment to create a context for the many types of body modification and adornment found both in societies throughout history and in various subcultures in the modern world. She skillfully describes practices rooted in tradition as well as contemporary variations on ancient customs. . . . entries on both countries and societies of origin as well as innovators, popularizers, and contemporary groups do a good job of connecting old and new without overly privileging the new. A resource guide, thorough bibliography, and detailed index make the book a good research tool. There are a few tasteful black-and-white illustrations, plus a section of color plates. Each entry includes both specific references and cross-references to other entries. There was certainly potential to make this volume exploitative and provocative, but a professional, matter-of-fact tone makes it a good guide to both social and cultural research into the impulse behind some of today's radical makeover reality shows and fascination with extremes of behavior and body. - ARBA

About Margo DeMello

Margo DeMello lectures at Central New Mexico Community College, teaching sociology, cultural studies, and anthropology. Her books include Bodies of Inscription: A Cultural History of the Modern Tattoo Community (2000) and she has contributed essays to the Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships (Greenwood, 2007) and Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (2004).

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction Alphabetical List of Entries 1. Acupuncture 2. Alliance of Professional Tattooists 3. American Tattooing 4. Amputation 5. Animal Branding 6. Animal Surgical Procedures 7. Animal Tattooing 8. Animality 9. Anorexia and Bulimia 10. Apotemnophilia 11. Asceticism 12. Association of Professional Piercers 13. Auschwitz 14. Australia 15. Bakhtin, Mikhail 16. Bariatric Surgery 17. Barnum, P.T. 18. BDSM 19. Beauty 20. Bible 21. Biker Tattooing 22. Bio-Power 23. BMEZine.com 24. Body Building 25. Body Dysmorphic Disorder 26. Body Hair 27. Body Painting 28. Body Piercing 29. Body Play 30. Bondage 31. Borneo 32. Bourdieu, Pierre 33. Branding 34. Brazil 35. Breast Augmentation and Reduction 36. Breast Ironing 37. Breast Reconstruction 38. Broadbent, Betty 39. Castration 40. Celts 41. Chicanos 42. China 43. Christianity 44. Circumcision 45. Class and Status 46. Clitoral Piercing 47. Clitoridectomy 48. Collins, Sailor Jerry 49. Contemporary Tattooing 50. Cook, Captain James 51. Corsets 52. Cosmetic Dentistry 53. Cosmetic Surgery 54. Cosmetic Tattooing 55. Cosmetics 56. Criminality 57. Cross Dressers 58. Cutting 59. Dances Sacred and Profane 60. Dermal Anchoring 61. Ear Piercing 62. Ear Shaping 63. Ear Spools and Ear Plugs 64. Ear Stretching 65. Easter Island 66. Egypt 67. Encumberments 68. England 69. Enigma, The 70. Ethiopia 71. Facial Hair 72. Facial Piercing 73. Facial Tattoos 74. Female Genital Mutilation 75. Finger Nails 76. Flash 77. Flesh Coils 78. Flesh Tunnels 79. Foot Binding 80. Foucault, Michel 81. Fraternities 82. Freak Shows 83. Freaks 84. Gang members 85. Gauntlet 86. Genetic Engineering 87. Genital Mutilation 88. Genital Piercing 89. Genital Tattooing 90. Gender 91. Great Omi, The 92. Greco-Roman World 93. Hair Cutting and Head Shaving 94. Hair Styles 95. Hair Treatments 96. Hand Piercing 97. Hardy, Don Ed 98. Hawaii 99. Haworth, Steve 100. Head Binding 101. Health Issues 102. Henna 103. Hijras 104. Implants 105. India 106. Infibulation 107. Intersexuality 108. Inuit 109. Islam 110. Ivory Coast 111. Japan 112. Jewelry 113. Judaism 114. Labrets 115. Lazonga, Vyvyn 116. Legislation & Regulation 117. Lip Plates 118. Magic 119. Makeup 120. Maori 121. Marquesas 122. Marshall Islands 123. Medical Tattooing 124. Meso-America 125. Military Tattoos 126. Modern Primitives 127. Modern Primitives 128. Moko 129. Musfar, Fakir 130. National Tattoo Association 131. Native Americans 132. Navel Piercing 133. Neo-Paganism 134. New Guinea 135. New Zealand 136. Nigeria 137. Nipple Piercing 138. Nose Piercing 139. Obesity 140. Oral Piercing 141. Orchiectomy 142. Pacific Northwest Indians 143. Pain 144. Papua New Guinea 145. Pea 146. Penis Piercing 147. Permanent Makeup 148. PFIQ 149. Philippines 150. Piercing 151. Plastic Surgery 152. Pocketing & Stapling 153. Primitivism 154. Prison Tattooing 155. Punk 156. Rites of Passage 157. Roman 158. Russia 159. Samoa 160. Scalpelling 161. Scarification 162. Self-Mortification 163. Self-Mutilation 164. Sex Reassignment Surgery 165. Sideshow 166. Silicone Injections 167. Skin Whitening 168. Slavery 169. Spanner Case 170. Sprague, Eric 171. Stalking Cat 172. Stigmata 173. Stretching 174. Sudan 175. Super/Sub-incision 176. Surface Piercing 177. Suspensions 178. Tahiti 179. Tanning 180. Tattoo Community 181. Tattoo Magazines 182. Tattoo Reality Shows 183. Tattoo Removal 184. Tattoo Shows 185. Tattoo Technology 186. Tattooed Attractions 187. Tattooed Natives 188. Tattooing 189. Tattootime 190. Thailand 191. Tightlacing 192. Tonga 193. Tongue Splitting 194. Torture 195. Transgender 196. Transsexuals 197. Transvestites 198. Trepanation 199. Tribalism 200. Tuttle, Lyle 201. Wagner, Charlie 202. Ward, Jim 203. Wildenstein, Jocelyn 204. Yakuza 205. Zaire 206. Zeis, Milton 207. Zulueta, Leo Topical List of Entries The Encyclopedia Resource Guide Bibliography About the Author Index

Additional information

CIN0313336954G
9780313336959
0313336954
Encyclopedia of Body Adornment by Margo DeMello
Used - Good
Hardback
ABC-CLIO
20070830
360
Winner of College & Research Libraries Selected Reference Works, 2007-08 RUSA 2007 Outstan 2008 (United States)
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us

Customer Reviews - Encyclopedia of Body Adornment