Leading the Left by Peter Shore
Since Ramsay Macdonald formed the National Government in August 1931 and thus excluded himself from the leadership and membership of his own party, eight men have led the labour party: George Lansbury (1980-63), Harold Wilson (1963-76), James Callaghan (1976-80), Michael Foot (1980-83), Neil Kinnock (1983-92) and now John Smith. But of those eight, only two - Attlee and Wilson - have actually won elections and transformed their leadership of a party into Prime Minister of a nation. Why? To help divine the answers Peter Shore, MP and former Labour Cabinet Minister, has studied those who have led the party over the past sixty years to write eight distinctive portraits.