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Philosophy of Language William G Lycan

Philosophy of Language By William G Lycan

Philosophy of Language by William G Lycan


Summary

Introduces students to the main issues and theories in twentieth-century philosophy of language, focusing specifically on linguistic phenomena. This book surveys the competing theories of linguistic meaning and compares their various advantages and liabilities.

Philosophy of Language Summary

Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction by William G Lycan

Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction introduces the student to the main issues and theories in twentieth century philosophy of language, focusing specifically on linguistic phenomena.

Topics are structured in four parts in the book. Part I, Reference and Referring Expressions, includes topics such as Russell's Theory of Desciptions, Donnellan's distinction, problems of anaphora, the description theory of proper names, Searle's cluster theory, and the causal-historical theory. Part II, Theories of Meaning, surveys the competing theories of linguistic meaning and compares their various advantages and liabilities. Part III, Pragmatics and Speech Acts, introduces the basic concepts of linguistic pragmatics, includes a detailed discussion of the problem of indirect force and surveys approaches to metaphor. Part IV, new to this edition, examines the four theories of metaphor.

Features of Philosophy of Language include:

  • new chapters on Frege and puzzles, inferentialism, illocutionary theories of meaning and relevance theory
  • chapter overviews and summaries
  • clear supportive examples
  • study questions
  • annotated further reading
  • glossary.

Philosophy of Language Reviews

"This exceptional text fulfills two essential criteria of a good introductory textbook in the philosophy of language: it covers a broad range of topics well, all of which are the basis of current active research, and does so in an accurate manner accessible to undergraduate students." -Mike Harnish, University of Arizona

"...an excellent textbook for teaching. the examples throughout are delightful and students will love them." -Edwin Mares, Victoria University of Wellington

About William G Lycan

William G. Lycan is William Rand Kenan Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina. He is the author of over 150 articles as well as seven books.

Table of Contents

Contents Preface Acknowledgements Acknowledgements for the Second Edition Chapter 1:Introduction: meaning and reference Overview Meaning and understanding The Referential Theory Summary Questions Notes Further reading PART I:REFERENCE AND REFERRING Chapter 2:Definite descriptions Overview Singular terms Russell's Theory of Descriptions Objections to Russell's theory Donnellan's distinction Anaphora Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 3:Proper names: the Description Theory Overview Frege and the puzzles Russell's Name Claim Opening objections Searle's "Cluster Theory" Kripke's critique Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 4:Proper names: Direct Reference and the Causal-Historical Theory Overview Possible worlds Rigidity and proper names Direct Reference The Causal-Historical Theory Problems for the Causal-Historical Theory Natural-kind terms and "Twin Earth" Summary Questions Notes Further reading PART II:THEORIES OF MEANING Chapter 5:Traditional theories of meaning Overview Ideational theories The Proposition Theory Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 6:"Use" theories Overview "Use" in a roughly Wittgensteinian sense Objections and some replies Inferentialism Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 7:Psychological theories: Grice's program Overview Grice's basic idea Speaker-meaning Sentence meaning Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 8:Verificationism Overview The theory and its motivation Some objections The big one Two Quinean issues Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 9:Truth-Condition Theories: Davidson's program Overview Truth conditions Truth-defining natural languages Objections to the Davidsonian version Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 10:Truth-Condition Theories: possible worlds and intensional semantics Overview Truth conditions reconceived Advantages over Davidson's view Remaining objections Summary Questions Notes Further reading PART III:PRAGMATICS AND SPEECH ACTS Chapter 11:Semantic pragmatics Overview Semantic pragmatics vs. pragmatic pragmatics The problem of deixis The work of semantic pragmatics Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 12:Speech acts and illocutionary force Overview Performatives Illocution, locution, and perlocution Infelicities and constitutive rules Cohen's problem Illocutionary theories of meaning Summary Questions Notes Further reading Chapter 13:Implicative relations Overview Conveyed meanings and invited inferences Conversational implicature "Presupposition" and conventional implicature Relevance Theory Indirect force Summary Questions Notes Further reading PART IV: THE DARK SIDE Chapter 14:Metaphor Overview A philosophical bias The issues, and two simple theories The Figurative Simile Theory The Pragmatic Theory Metaphor as analogical Summary Questions Notes Further reading Glossary Bibliography Index

Additional information

GOR003962620
9780415957526
0415957524
Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction by William G Lycan
Used - Very Good
Paperback
Taylor & Francis Ltd
2008-02-01
228
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us

Customer Reviews - Philosophy of Language