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Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies Sara Perrott

Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies By Sara Perrott

Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies by Sara Perrott


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Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies Summary

Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies by Sara Perrott

Your one-stop reference for Windows Server 2019 and PowerShell know-how

Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies offers a single reference to help you build and expand your knowledge of all things Windows Server, including the all-important PowerShell framework. Written by an information security pro and professor who trains aspiring system administrators, this book covers the broad range of topics a system administrator needs to know to run Windows Server 2019, including how to install, configure, and secure a system. This book includes coverage of:

  • Installing & Setting Up Windows Server
  • Configuring Windows Server 2019
  • Administering Windows Server 2019
  • Configuring Networking
  • Managing Security
  • Working with Windows PowerShell
  • Installing and Administering Hyper-V
  • Installing, Configuring, and Using Containers

If you're a budding or experienced system administrator looking to build or expand your knowledge of Windows Server, this book has you covered.

About Sara Perrott

Sara Perrott is an information security professional with a systems and network engineering background. She teaches classes related to Windows Server, Amazon Web Services, networking, and virtualization. Sara addressed the AWS Imagine conference in 2018 and presented at the RSA conference in 2019.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

About This Book 1

Foolish Assumptions 2

Icons Used in This Book 2

Beyond the Book 3

Where to Go from Here 3

Book 1: Installing and Setting Up Windows Server 2019 5

Chapter 1: An Overview of Windows Server 2019 7

Extra! Extra! Read All About It! Seeing What's New in Windows Server 2019 8

Deciding Which Windows Server 2019 Edition Is Right for You 12

Essentials 12

Standard 13

Datacenter 13

Walking the Walk: Windows Server 2019 User Experiences 13

Desktop Experience 13

Server Core 14

Nano 15

Seeing What Server Manager Has to Offer 15

Windows Admin Center: Your New Best Friend 17

Chapter 2: Using Boot Diagnostics 21

Accessing Boot Diagnostics 21

From the DVD 22

From the boot menu 24

Using a Special Boot Mode 25

Safe Mode 25

Enable Boot Logging 27

Enable Low-Resolution Video 27

Last Known Good Configuration 27

Directory Services Restore Mode 28

Debugging Mode 28

Disable Automatic Restart on System Failure 29

Disable Driver Signature Enforcement 29

Disable Early Launch Anti-Malware Driver 29

Performing a Memory Test 30

Using the Command Prompt 32

Working with Third-Party Boot Utilities 32

Chapter 3: Performing the Basic Installation 35

Making Sure You Have What It Takes 36

Central processing unit 36

Random access memory 38

Storage 38

Network adapter 39

DVD drive 39

UEFI-based firmware 39

Trusted Platform Module 39

Monitor 39

Keyboard and mouse 40

Performing a Clean Install 40

Upgrading Windows 43

Performing a Network Install with Windows Deployment Services 46

Chapter 4: Performing Initial Configuration Tasks 47

Understanding Default Settings 48

Getting an Overview of the Configuration Process 49

Providing Computer Information 50

Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience 50

Windows Server 2019 Core 54

Updating Windows Server 2019 60

Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience 60

Windows Server 2019 Core 62

Customizing Windows Server 2019 64

Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience 64

Windows Server 2019 Core 67

Configuring Startup Options with BCDEdit 70

Book 2: Configuring Windows Server 2019 73

Chapter 1: Configuring Server Roles and Features 75

Using Server Manager 75

Roles and features 76

Diagnostics 77

Configuration tasks 78

Configure and Manage Storage 79

Understanding Server Roles 80

Active Directory Certificate Services 80

Active Directory Domain Services 81

Active Directory Federation Services 81

Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services 81

Active Directory Rights Management Services 82

Device Health Attestation 82

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 82

Domain Name System 83

Fax Server 83

File and Storage Services 84

Host Guardian Service 84

Hyper-V 85

Network Controller 85

Network Policy and Access Services 85

Print and Document Services 86

Remote Access 86

Remote Desktop Services 86

Volume Activation Services 86

Web Services 87

Windows Deployment Services 87

Windows Server Update Services 87

Understanding Server Features 87

.NET 3.5 88

.NET 4.7 88

Background Intelligent Transfer Service 88

BitLocker Drive Encryption 88

BitLocker Network Unlock 89

BranchCache 89

Client for NFS 89

Containers 89

Data Center Bridging 90

Direct Play 90

Enhanced Storage 90

Failover Clustering 90

Group Policy Management 91

Host Guardian Hyper-V Support 91

I/O Quality of Service 91

IIS Hostable Web Core 91

Internet Printing Client 91

IP Address Management Server 92

Internet Storage Name Server Service 92

LPR Port Monitor 92

Management OData IIS Extension 92

Media Foundation 92

Message Queueing 93

Multipath I/O 93

Multipoint Connector 93

Network Load Balancing 93

Network Virtualization 93

Peer Name Resolution Protocol 94

Quality Windows Audio Video Experience 94

RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit 94

Remote Assistance 94

Remote Differential Compression 94

Remote Server Administration Tools 94

RPC over HTTP Proxy 95

Setup and Boot Event Collection 95

Simple TCP/IP Services 95

SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support 95

SMB Bandwidth Limit 96

SMTP Server 96

Simple Network Management Protocol Service 96

Software Load Balancer 96

Storage Migration Service 97

Storage Migration Service Proxy 97

Storage Replica 97

System Data Archiver 97

System Insights 98

Telnet Client 98

TFTP Client 98

VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management 98

WebDAV Redirector 98

Windows Biometric Framework 99

Windows Defender Antivirus 99

Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 99

Windows Internal Database 99

Windows PowerShell 99

Windows Process Activation Service 99

Windows Search Service 100

Windows Server Backup 100

Windows Server Migration Tools 100

Windows Standards-Based Storage Management 100

Windows Subsystem for Linux 101

Windows TIFF IFilter 101

WinRM IIS Extension 101

WINS Server 101

Wireless LAN Service 101

WoW64 Support 101

XPS Viewer 102

Chapter 2: Configuring Server Hardware 103

Working with Device Manager 104

Opening Device Manager 104

Configuring how Device Manager displays 104

Viewing devices that are not working properly 106

Understanding resources 107

Viewing hidden devices 108

Scanning for new devices 109

Working with older devices 109

Viewing individual device settings 109

Updating drivers 111

Configuring power management 111

Using the Add Hardware Wizard 112

Performing Hard-Drive-Related Tasks 113

Choosing basic or dynamic disks 114

Using multipath I/O 115

Working with storage area networks 116

Understanding Storage Spaces Direct 117

Working with Storage Replica 123

Using Storage Quality of Service 124

Encrypting with BitLocker 124

Performing Printer-Related Tasks 134

Using the Printer Install Wizard 134

Configuring print options 136

Configuring the Print Server role 137

Connecting to a Printer on a Print Server 140

Performing Other Configuration Tasks 141

Keyboard 141

Mouse 141

Power management 142

Sound 143

Language 143

Fonts 143

Chapter 3: Using the Control Panel 145

Accessing the Control Panel 145

Configuring the Control Panel 146

Understanding Control Panel Items 148

Chapter 4: Working with Workgroups 157

Knowing What a Workgroup Is 158

Knowing If a Workgroup Is Right for You 158

Comparing Centralized and Group Sharing 159

Configuring a Server for a Workgroup 159

Changing the name of your workgroup 160

Adding groups 161

Creating users and adding users to the group 162

Adding shared resources 164

Managing Workgroups 168

The Computer Management console 168

The User Account window 169

PowerShell 170

Examining the Peer Name Resolution Protocol 172

Chapter 5: Promoting Your Server to Domain Controller 173

Understanding Domains 173

What is a domain? 174

Forests and domains and OUs, oh my! 174

Understanding privileged domain groups 175

Examining Flexible Single Master Operation roles on domain controllers 175

Preparing to Create a Domain 177

Functional levels 178

Forest functional level 179

Domain functional level 179

Performing Domain Configuration Prerequisites 179

Checking for unsupported roles and features 180

Installing and configuring Domain Name System 180

Installing and configuring Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 183

Configuring the Server as a Domain Controller 187

Installing Active Directory Domain Services 188

Configuring Active Directory Domain Services 188

Converting your DNS Zone to an Active Directory Integrated Zone 190

Authorizing your DHCP Server for your Active Directory environment 193

Configuring the user accounts 194

Sharing resources on a domain 196

Joining clients to the domain 197

Wrapping Things Up 202

Chapter 6: Managing DNS and DHCP with IP Address Management 205

Installing IP Address Management 206

Configuring IP Address Management 206

Using IP Address Management 210

Overview 210

Server Inventory 211

IP Address Space 211

Monitor and Manage 213

Event Catalog 215

Access Control 215

Book 3: Administering Windows Server 2019 217

Chapter 1: An Overview of the Tools Menu in Server Manager 219

Accessing the Server Manager Tools Menu 219

Working with Common Administrative Tools 222

Computer Management 222

Defragment and Optimize Drives 222

Disk Cleanup 223

Event Viewer 224

Local Security Policy 224

Registry Editor 226

Services 226

System Configuration 228

Task Scheduler 228

Installing and Using Remote Server Administration Tools 229

Installing Remote Server Administration Tools 229

Using Remote Server Administration Tools 230

Chapter 2: Setting Group Policy 233

Understanding How Group Policy Works 234

Starting the Group Policy Editor 235

Performing Computer Management 236

Modifying computer software settings 238

Modifying computer settings 239

Using Administrative Templates 240

Performing User Configuration 241

Modifying user software settings 241

Modifying a user's Windows Settings 242

Using user Administrative Templates 244

Viewing Resultant Set of Policy 244

Chapter 3: Configuring the Registry 247

Starting Registry Editor 248

Importing and Exporting Registry Elements 248

Exporting Registry elements 249

Importing Registry elements 249

Finding Registry Elements 250

Understanding Registry Data Types 251

Understanding the Hives 252

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT 252

HKEY_CURRENT_USER 253

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE 254

HKEY_USERS 255

HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG 256

Loading and Unloading Hives 256

Connecting to Network Registries 258

Setting Registry Security 259

Setting permissions in the Windows Registry 259

Disabling Remote Registry access 259

Securing remote administration 260

Chapter 4: Working with Active Directory 263

Active Directory 101 263

Configuring Objects in Active Directory 264

Using Active Directory Domains and Trusts 264

Using Active Directory Sites and Services 269

Using Active Directory Users and Computers 270

Using Active Directory Administrative Center 274

Chapter 5: Performing Standard Maintenance 277

Activating Windows 277

Through the graphical user interface 278

Through the command line 278

Configuring the User Interface 280

Working with the Folder Options dialog box 280

Setting your Internet Options 282

Focusing on your Personalization settings 284

Reporting problems 286

Setting your Regional and Language Options 286

Working with the Performance Options dialog box 287

Understanding How User Access Control Affects Maintenance Tasks 288

Adding and Removing Standard Applications 289

Measuring Reliability and Performance 290

Performance Monitor 290

Resource Monitor 292

Task Manager 293

Protecting the Data on Your Server 294

System Backup 295

System Restore 297

Performing Disk Management Tasks 298

Managing storage 299

Managing disks 299

Defragmenting drives 300

Automating Diagnostic Tasks with Task Scheduler 301

Discovering task status 301

Using preconfigured tasks 302

Creating your own tasks 304

Working with Remote Desktop 305

Working with Remote Server Administration Tools 306

Figuring out firewall rules 306

Connecting to the server 306

Managing your servers 307

Working with Admin Center 308

Focusing on firewall rules 309

Connecting to a server 309

Using Windows Admin Center to manage your servers 309

Creating a Windows Recovery Drive 311

Chapter 6: Working at the Command Line 313

Opening an Administrative Command Prompt 313

Configuring the Command Line 314

Customizing how you interact with the Command Prompt 314

Changing the font 316

Choosing your window layout 317

Defining text colors 318

Setting Environmental Variables 319

Getting Help at the Command Line 320

Understanding Command Line Symbols 322

Chapter 7: Working with PowerShell 323

Opening an Administrative PowerShell Window 324

Configuring PowerShell 325

Options 325

Font 327

Layout 328

Colors 328

Using a Profile Script 330

Setting Environmental Variables 330

Getting Help in PowerShell 332

Understanding PowerShell Punctuation 334

Book 4: Configuring Networking in Windows Server 2019 337

Chapter 1: Overview of Windows Server 2019 Networking 339

Getting Acquainted with the Network and Sharing Center 340

Using the Network Connections Tools 342

Status 342

Ethernet 343

Dial-up 344

VPN 344

Proxy 344

Configuring TCP/IP 346

Understanding DHCP 349

Defining DNS 350

Creating a DNS zone 352

DNS and Active Directory 353

Making DNS fault tolerant 354

Chapter 2: Performing Basic Network Tasks 355

Viewing Network Properties 355

Connecting to Another Network 357

Connecting to the Internet 358

Setting up a dial-up connection 359

Connecting to a virtual private network 360

Managing Network Connections 361

Understanding the Client for Microsoft Networks feature 362

Configuring the Internet Protocol 362

Installing network features 364

Uninstalling network features 364

Chapter 3: Accomplishing Advanced Network Tasks 367

Working with Remote Desktop Services 367

Installing Remote Desktop Services 368

Configuring user-specific settings 369

Configuring apps 371

Using RD Web Access 372

Configuring and using RDS licensing 374

Working with Network Policy and Access Services 376

Network Policy Server 377

Troubleshooting at the Command Line 381

Chapter 4: Diagnosing and Repairing Network Connection Problems 383

Using Windows Network Diagnostics 384

Repairing Individual Connections 386

Network Troubleshooting at the Command Line 388

Working with Windows Firewall 389

Making Sense of Common Configuration Errors 391

Duplicate IP addresses 391

No gateway address 391

No DNS servers set 392

An application is experiencing network issues 392

Everything should be working, but it's not 392

Working with Other Troubleshooting Tools 392

Book 5: Managing Security with Windows Server 2019 395

Chapter 1: Understanding Windows Server 2019 Security 397

Understanding Basic Windows Server Security 397

The CIA triad: Confidentiality, integrity, and availability 398

Authentication, authorization, and accounting 399

Access tokens 399

Security descriptors 399

Access control lists 400

Working with Files and Folders 403

Setting file and folder security 403

Creating a Local Security Policy 406

Paying Attention to Windows Security 408

Virus & Threat Protection 408

Firewall & Network Protection 408

App & Browser Control 410

Device Security 411

Chapter 2: Configuring Shared Resources 413

Comparing Share Security with File System Security 413

Shared folder permissions 414

File system security 415

Effective permissions validation 415

Sharing Resources 417

Storage media 417

Printers 418

Other resources 419

Configuring Access with Federated Rights Management 419

Working with Active Directory Federation Services 420

Working with Active Directory Rights Management Services 424

Chapter 3: Configuring Operating System Security 433

Understanding and Using User Account Control 433

Using User Account Control to protect the server 434

Running tasks as administrator 434

Watching out for automatic privilege elevation 435

Overriding User Account Control settings 435

Managing User Passwords 438

Understanding Credential Guard 439

How Credential Guard works 440

Credential Guard Hardware Requirements 440

How to enable Credential Guard 441

Configuring Startup and Recovery Options 444

Chapter 4: Working with the Internet 447

Firewall Basics 447

Getting acquainted with the Windows Defender Firewall profiles 448

Enabling and disabling the Windows Defender Firewall 448

Configuring Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security 451

Working with profile settings 452

Working with inbound/outbound rules 454

Understanding IPSec 457

Configuring the IPSec settings 458

Chapter 5: Understanding Digital Certificates 461

Certificates in Windows Server 2019 462

Cryptography 101 462

Certificate-specific concepts 464

Types of Certificates in Active Directory Certificate Services 465

User certificates 465

Computer 466

Chapter 6: Installing and Configuring AD CS 469

Introducing Certificate Authority Architecture 470

Root certificate authorities 470

Issuing certificate authorities 471

Policy certificate authorities 471

Installing a Certificate Authority 471

Creating the CAPolicy.inf file 471

Installing the root certificate authority 473

Installing the issuing certificate authority 477

Enrolling for certificates 478

Setting up web enrollment 481

Installing Online Certificate Status Protocol 482

Configuring Certificate Auto-Enrollment 485

Configuring the template 485

Configuring Group Policy 486

Chapter 7: Securing Your DNS Infrastructure 489

Understanding DNSSEC 489

The basics of DNSSEC 490

Records used for DNSSEC 490

Configuring DNSSEC 491

Understanding DANE 495

The basics of DANE 495

Configuring DANE 496

Book 6: Working with Windows PowerShell 501

Chapter 1: Introducing PowerShell 503

Understanding the Basics of PowerShell 503

Objects 504

Pipeline 504

Providers 505

Variables 506

Sessions 506

Comments 507

Aliases 507

Cmdlets 507

Using PowerShell 509

Writing PowerShell commands and scripts 509

Working with objects 513

Working with the pipeline 514

Working with modules 516

Working with comparison operators 518

Getting information out of PowerShell 519

Scripting logic 521

Other cool tricks 522

Running PowerShell Remotely 527

Invoke-Command 527

New-PSSession 527

Enter-PSSession 527

Getting Help in PowerShell 528

Update-Help 528

Get-Help 529

-Detailed and -Full 529

Identifying Security Issues with PowerShell 530

Execution Policy 530

Code signing 531

Firewall requirements for PowerShell remoting 534

Chapter 2: Understanding the NET Framework 535

Introducing the Various Versions of NET Framework 535

Focusing on New Features in NET 4.7 538

Viewing the Global Assembly Cache 539

Understanding assembly security 540

Identifying the two types of assembly privacy 540

Viewing assembly properties 541

Understanding NET Standard and NET Core 541

.NET Core 542

.NET Standard 542

Tying it all together: NET and PowerShell 542

Chapter 3: Working with Scripts and Cmdlets 543

Introducing Common Scripts and Cmdlets 543

Executing Scripts or Cmdlets 544

Working with COM objects 545

Combining multiple cmdlets 545

Working from Another Location 546

Performing Simple Administrative Tasks with PowerShell Scripts 548

Adding users in Active Directory 548

Creating a CSV file and populating it with data from Active Directory 548

Checking to see if a patch is installed 550

Checking running processes or services 550

Chapter 4: Creating Your Own Scripts and Advanced Functions 551

Creating a PowerShell Script 552

Creating a simple script 552

Running the script 557

Defining a Script Policy 558

Signing a PowerShell Script 559

Creating a PowerShell Advanced Function 559

Playing with parameters 560

Creating the advanced function 561

Using the advanced function 563

Chapter 5: PowerShell Desired State Configuration 567

Getting an Overview of PowerShell Desired State Configuration 567

Configurations 568

Resources 569

Local Configuration Manager 571

Creating a PowerShell Desired State Configuration Script 572

Applying the PowerShell Desired State Configuration Script 573

Compiling into MOF 574

Applying the new configuration 575

Push and Pull: Using PowerShell Desired State Configuration at Scale 575

Push mode 576

Pull mode 577

Book 7: Installing and Administering Hyper-V 579

Chapter 1: What Is Hyper-V? 581

Introduction to Virtualization 581

Type 1 and Type 2 Hypervisors 582

Type 1 hypervisors 583

Type 2 hypervisors 583

Installing and Configuring Hyper-V 583

Installing Hyper-V 584

Configuring Hyper-V 586

Virtual Switch Manager 591

Virtual SAN Manager 591

Chapter 2: Virtual Machines 593

Creating a Virtual Machine 593

Configuring a Virtual Machine 597

Add Hardware 598

Firmware 598

Security 598

Memory 599

Processor 600

SCSI Controller 601

Network Adapter 602

Name 603

Integration Services 603

Checkpoints 603

Smart Paging File Location 603

Automatic Start Action 604

Automatic Stop Action 604

Shielded Virtual Machines 604

Chapter 3: Virtual Networking 605

Identifying the Types of Virtual Switches 606

External 606

Internal 606

Private 606

Creating a Virtual Switch 607

Hyper-V Manager 607

PowerShell 608

Getting into Advanced Hyper-V Networking 610

Virtual local area network tagging 610

Bandwidth management 613

Network interface card teaming 614

Looking at single-root I/O virtualization 619

Chapter 4: Virtual Storage 621

Understanding Virtual Disk Formats 621

Considering Types of Disks 622

Fixed 622

Dynamic 622

Differencing 623

Pass-through 623

Adding Storage to the Host 623

Adding the drives 623

Changing the default save locations of virtual disk files 625

Adding Storage to the Virtual Machine 626

Adding a new virtual drive 626

Expanding a disk drive 629

Adding a pass-through disk 630

Converting a VHD disk file to a VHDX disk file 631

Attaching the converted drive to the virtual machine 632

Chapter 5: High Availability in Hyper-V 635

Hyper-V Replica 635

Setting up Hyper-V Replica on the Hyper-V hosts 636

Setting up replication on the virtual machines 638

Live Migration 640

Setting up live migration 641

Kicking off a live migration 643

Storage Migration 644

Failover Clustering 645

Installing Failover Clustering 645

Configuring Failover Clustering 646

Configuring a witness for your failover cluster 647

Book 8: Installing, Configuring, and Using Containers 649

Chapter 1: Introduction to Containers in Windows Server 2019 651

Understanding Containers 652

Knowing what a container looks like 652

Defining important container terms 653

Seeing how containers run on Windows 653

Considering Use Cases for Containers 654

Developers 654

System administrators 654

Deciding What Type of Containers You Want to Use 655

Windows Server containers 655

Hyper-V containers 655

Managing Containers at Scale 656

Chapter 2: Docker and Docker Hub 657

Introduction to Docker 657

Docker architecture 658

Basic Docker commands 658

Introduction to Docker Hub 659

Finding public images 659

Creating a private repository 662

Using a private repository 664

Chapter 3: Installing Containers on Windows Server 2019 667

Installing Windows Containers 668

Installing Hyper-V Containers 669

Installing Docker 670

Testing Your Container Installation 672

Windows container 672

Hyper-V container 672

Chapter 4: Configuring Docker and Containers on Windows Server 2019 675

Working with Dockerfile 675

Applying Custom Metadata to Containers and Other Objects 678

Creating labels 679

Viewing labels 679

Configuring Containers 680

Starting containers automatically 680

Limiting a container's resources 681

Configuring the Docker Daemon with daemon.json 682

Chapter 5: Managing Container Images 685

Making Changes to Images and Saving the Changes You Make 685

Pushing Images to Docker Hub 689

Pulling Images from Docker Hub 691

Handling Image Versioning 693

Chapter 6: Container Networking 695

Considering the Different Types of Network Connections 696

Viewing Your Network Adapters and Virtual Switches 697

Configuring a Network Address Translation

Network Connection 698

Configuring a Transparent Network Connection 699

Configuring an Overlay Network Connection 700

Configuring an l2bridge Network Connection 701

Configuring an l2tunnel Network Connection 702

Connecting to a Network 703

Chapter 7: Container Storage 705

Getting Acquainted with Container Storage 705

Creating a Volume Inside of a Container 706

Working with Persistent Volumes 709

Looking at volume types 709

Removing volumes 712

Index 713

Additional information

GOR012289453
9781119560715
1119560713
Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies by Sara Perrott
Used - Very Good
Paperback
John Wiley & Sons Inc
20190531
768
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us

Customer Reviews - Windows Server 2019 & PowerShell All-in-One For Dummies