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Mathematical Expeditions Reinhard Laubenbacher

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Summary

The stories of five mathematical journeys into new realms, pieced together from the writings of the explorers themselves. The authors tell these stories by guiding readers through the very words of the mathematicians at the heart of these events, providing an insightinto the art of approaching mathematical problems.

Mathematical Expeditions Summary

Mathematical Expeditions: Chronicles by the Explorers by Reinhard Laubenbacher

The stories of five mathematical journeys into new realms, pieced together from the writings of the explorers themselves. Some were guided by mere curiosity and the thrill of adventure, others by more practical motives. In each case the outcome was a vast expansion of the known mathematical world and the realisation that still greater vistas remain to be explored. The authors tell these stories by guiding readers through the very words of the mathematicians at the heart of these events, providing an insightinto the art of approaching mathematical problems. The five chapters are completely independent, with varying levels of mathematical sophistication, and will attract students, instructors, and the intellectually curious reader. By working through some of the original sources and supplementary exercises, which discuss and solve -- or attempt to solve -- a great problem, this book helps readers discover the roots of modern problems, ideas, and concepts, even whole subjects. Students will also see the obstacles that earlier thinkers had to clear in order to make their respective contributions to five central themes in the evolution of mathematics.

1 Geometry: The Parallel Postulate.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Euclid's Parallel Postulate.- 1.3 Legendre's Attempts to Prove the Parallel Postulate.- 1.4 Lobachevskian Geometry.- 1.5 Poincare's Euclidean Model for Non-Euclidean Geometry..- 2 Set Theory: Taming the Infinite.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Bolzano's Paradoxes of the Infinite.- 2.3 Cantor's Infinite Numbers.- 2.4 Zermelo's Axiomatization.- 3 Analysis: Calculating Areas and Volumes.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Archimedes' Quadrature of the Parabola.- 3.3 Archimedes' Method.- 3.4 Cavalieri Calculates Areas of Higher Parabolas.- 3.5 Leibniz's Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.- 3.6 Cauchy's Rigorization of Calculus.- 3.7 Robinson Resurrects Infinitesimals.- 3.8 Appendix on Infinite Series.- 4 Number Theory: Fermat's Last Theorem.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Euclid's Classification of Pythagorean Triples.- 4.3 Euler's Solution for Exponent Four.- 4.4 Germain's General Approach.- 4.5 Kummer and the Dawn of Algebraic Number Theory.- 4.6 Appendix on Congruences.- 5 Algebra: The Search for an Elusive Formula.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Euclid's Application of Areas and Quadratic Equations.- 5.3 Cardano's Solution of the Cubic.- 5.4 Lagrange's Theory of Equations.- 5.5 Galois Ends the Story.- References.- Credits.

NLS9780387984339
9780387984339
038798433X
Mathematical Expeditions: Chronicles by the Explorers by Reinhard Laubenbacher
New
Paperback
Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
2000-02-23
278
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
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