Martin Gilbert was educated at Highgate School and Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1962, he was appointed a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and in 1968 he became Winston Churchill's official biographer. He was in Israel during the October War of 1973 and came under Syrian shellfire on the Golan Heights. His Jewish History Atlas is a classic work of reference. He has been a visiting professor at both Tel Aviv and the Hebrew University, and spends part of every year in Israel. He has also written histories of the First and Second World Wars, of D-Day, of the Day the War Ended (in 1945) and of the Holocaust.