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The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature par Mahmoud Baroud

The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature Mahmoud Baroud

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Résumé

Mahmoud Baroud here conducts a detailed comparative textual analysis of 'Hayy Bin Yaqzan' and 'Robinson Crusoe', and concludes that Daniel Defoe was likely to have been deeply influenced by Ibn Tufayl's Arabic text.

The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature Résumé

The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature: Ibn Tufayl and His Influence on European Writers Mahmoud Baroud

From the ancient Egyptian 'Tale of a Shipwrecked Sailor' through to Sinbad and Robinson Crusoe,the stranded castaway living and philosophising alone on a strange,desert island is a theme which has captured the imaginations of writers spanning cultures and millennia. Most familiar to Western literary historians is Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, which inspired generations of writers from Jonathan Wyss and William Golding to Michel Tournier and J.M. Coetzee. However,little attention has been paid to Defoe's antecedents,such as the remarkable Hayy Bin Yaqzan by twelfth-century Arab physician and philosopher,Muhammad Ibn Tufayl. Mahmoud Baroud here conducts a detailed comparative textual analysis of Hayy Bin Yaqzan and Robinson Crusoe, and concludes that Daniel Defoe was likely to have been deeply influenced by Ibn Tufayl's Arabic text. His findings are compelling, pointing to clear similarities in themes, ideas, events and structure, such as long-term isolation on an island, the absence of female characters and an encounter with a stranger who becomes a spiritual disciple. Baroud argues both can be cast within the genre of intellectual utopian literature, using allegorical stories as a device to present their philosophical ideas. A spiritual awakening and the struggle for physical survival through experimental use of science and the power of human reason define the journeys of our protagonists. Furthermore, by situating Robinson Crusoe within its historical and literary context, Baroud examines the fascination of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century England with the 'East',and the availability of Hayy Bin Yaqzan to the reading public through three English translations. As a philosophical work it tackles issues such as human reason and rationality that struck a chord with religious and intellectual movements of the time in Europe. The fact that it was not identifiable with any particular religion enhanced its popularity and relevance. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative literature, along with medieval Arabic literature,culture and philosophy.

The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature Avis

'This is a fascinating and original study on so many levels. The core of the book is a comprehensive and original examination of the influence,direct and indirect on Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe of a twelfth-century philosophicalwork in Arabic. For most contemporary Western readers,this will be their first acquaintance with Muslim philosopher Ibn Tufayl and his tale Hayy Bin Yaqzan,the story of a child,who,growing up alone on a desert island, discovers for himself major philosophical truths,but Mahmoud Baroud quickly makes us aware that many Europeans in the seventeenth century and early eighteenth century,almost certainly including Defoe,were very familiar with this and other Oriental tales. Based on rigorous,original research,this book is elegantly structured and written. It is a valuable reminder that western culture has,in so many different periods,drawn respectfully and profitably on elements of Arab philosophy,medicine and the physical sciences.' Michael Hanne, Associate Professor, Comparative Literature Program, School of European Languages and Literatures, University of Auckland

À propos de Mahmoud Baroud

Mahmoud Baroud is Assistant Professor in the English Department at The Islamic University of Gaza, Palestine. He holds a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature from the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter.

Sommaire

Introduction Chapter 1: Reception of Ibn Tufayl's Hayy Bin Yaqzan in eighteenth-century England Chapter 2: The Sources of Robinson Crusoe and Hayy Bin Yaqzan Chapter 3: Desert Islands and their Purpose Chapter 4: The Heroes' Spiritual Journeys and Evolution Chapter 5: The Heroes' Encounter with the Other Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index

Informations supplémentaires

GOR009863933
9781848855526
1848855524
The Shipwrecked Sailor in Arabic and Western Literature: Ibn Tufayl and His Influence on European Writers Mahmoud Baroud
Occasion - Très bon état
Relié
Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
20120828
296
N/A
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