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Writing and Reporting for the Media By John Bender

Writing and Reporting for the Media by John Bender

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Writing and Reporting for the Media Summary

Writing and Reporting for the Media by John Bender

A fundamental introduction to newswriting and reporting, this classic text focuses on the basics of reporting, including critical thinking, thorough reporting, excellent writing and creative visual communication skills for stories across all media. With digital journalism covered throughout the text and additional exercises in a brand new workbook, Writing and Reporting for the Media is the most up-to-date, realistic, and applied text available.

Writing and Reporting for the Media Reviews

"Writing and Reporting for the Media is a one-stop shop for instructors of beginning writing courses. It is filled with practical and clear examples that don't just tell students how to improve their copy, it shows them." - Roberta Kelly, Washington State University "The authors have done a stellar job presenting up-to-date technology and other changes in media while offering practical and theoretical instruction in the core basics of reporting and writing for the media. The text provides a solid basis for proficiency in media writing, as well as fostering students toward the goals of being articulate about media and engaged in that and the world around them. The book is a valuable resource to become a lifelong student of the media, not just a student in a class." - John Roche, Marist College

About John Bender

John Bender is Associate Professor of Journalism at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Lucinda Davenport is Professor of Journalism at Michigan State University.
Michael Drager is Assistant Professor of Journalism at Shippensburg University.

Table of Contents

Preface Section I The Tools of Journalism Chapter 1 Journalism Today Technology and Journalism Types of News Evolution of the News Business Journalism as a Profession Journalism Competencies The Modern Journalist Journalism Style AP Stylebook Journalism Terms Copy-Editing Copy Format The Writing Coach: The "N.E.R.D." Factor in Getting a Job Chapter 2 Selecting and Reporting the News News Characteristics and News Elements Timeliness Impact or Magnitude Prominence Proximity Unusualness Conflict Other Characteristics The Nature of the Medium and the Community Types of News The Concept of Objectivity What Is Not Newsworthy? Offensive Details Sensationalism Rumors Sexual Assault Names of Juveniles Trade Names The Importance of Accuracy Accuracy in Facts Accuracy in Names Accuracy Is a Priority Guest Columnist: Why I Stayed at a Small-Town Newspaper The Reporter's Guide to Accuracy Review Exercises Chapter 3 Newswriting Style Simplify Words, Sentences and Paragraphs Eliminate Unnecessary Words Quiz Remain Objective Respecting Diversity Racism Sexism Ageism Avoid Stereotyping Other Groups Additional Newswriting Considerations for Digital Media The Reporter's Guide to Newswriting Style Review Exercises Chapter 4 The Language of News The Effectiveness of Words Mastering Grammar Nouns Verbs Independent and Dependent Clauses Active and Passive Voice Appositives Common Grammatical Errors Run-on Sentences Comma Splice Agreement Errors "That"-"Which" Confusion "Who"-"Whom" Confusion Misplaced Modifiers Dangling Modifiers Personification Parallelism Syntax Spelling Punctuation Writing like a Pro Diction Be Precise Use Strong Verbs Problems to Avoid Overuse of Adjectives and Adverbs Cliches Slang Technical Language and Jargon Euphemisms Profanity Stating the Obvious First-Person References Negative Constructions Echo Gush Vague Time References Use of the Present Tense Avoid Excessive Punctuation The Writing Coach: Become a Power Lifter When Picking Verbs The Reporter's Guide to the Language of News Review Exercises Section II The Law and Ethics of Journalism Chapter 5 Libel, Privacy and Newsgathering Issues Libel The Elements of a Libel Suit Who Is a Public Official? Who Is a Public Figure? Major Defenses to Libel Suits Steps for Avoiding Libel Suits Privacy Intrusion Giving Publicity to Private Facts False Light Appropriation Newsgathering Issues Access to Nonjudicial Events and Records Access to Judicial Proceedings Confidentiality for Sources and Information Review Exercises Chapter 6 Ethics Codes of Ethics Ethical Decision Making Who and How Many? (Two Questions) What Is the Purpose of the Story? (Two Follow-Up Questions) Can I Explain My Decision? (Six Questions) The Potter Box News Media Credibility Considerations Ethics Issues Regarding Conduct Plagiarizing and Fabricating Information: Never Acceptable Finding Sources Recording Interviews: Audio Recorders and Video Cameras Eliminating Conflicts of Interest Maintaining Objectivity Interviewing Victims Respecting Privacy of Sources Avoiding Deceit: Posing and Misrepresentation Witnessing Crimes and Disasters Ethics Issues Regarding Content Avoiding Speculation: Get the Facts and Provide Accurate Context Using Visuals: Newsworthy or Sensational? Altering Images Deciding When to Name Names Covering Killers Reporting on Public Figures and Celebrities Reporting Rumors and Speculation Reporting on Terrorism Publishing Ads The Writing Coach: Journalists Should Understand: Victims Face Wall of Grief Review Exercises Section III The Basic Skills of Journalism Chapter 7 Basic News Leads Prewriting Identifying the Central Point Story Outlines Planning the Digital Story The Summary News Lead Sentence Structure in Leads Guidelines for Writing Effective Leads Be Concise Be Specific Use Strong, Active Verbs Emphasize the Magnitude of the Story Stress the Unusual Localize and Update Be Objective and Attribute Opinions Strive for Simplicity Some Common Errors Beginning with the Attribution Minimizing the News Using Agenda Leads Using Label Leads Listing Details Stating the Obvious Reporting the Negative Exaggerating Distorting the Story Following All the Rules Forgetting Your Audience Using the First Draft The Writing Coach: Oh Where, Oh Where Does the Time Element Go? The Reporter's Guide to Writing Leads Review Exercises Chapter 8 Alternative Leads Criticisms Types of Alternative Leads "Buried" or "Delayed" Leads Multiparagraph Leads Quotation Leads Question Leads Suspenseful Leads Descriptive Leads Shockers: Leads with a Twist Ironic Leads Direct-Address Leads Words Used in Unusual Ways Other Unusual Leads The Reporter's Guide to Writing Alternative Leads Review Exercises Chapter 9 The Body of a News Story The Inverted-Pyramid Style Organizing the Information Writing the Second Paragraph Ending the Story Complex Stories The Hourglass Style The Focus Style The Narrative Style Using Transitions Explain the Unfamiliar The Importance of Examples The Use of Description The Need to Be Fair The Final Step: Edit Your Story The Writing Coach: How to Find the Right Endings to Stories The Reporter's Guide to Writing News Stories Review Exercises Chapter 10 Quotations and Attribution Quotations When to Use Direct Quotations When to Use Indirect Quotations When to Use Partial Quotations When Sources Seek Quote Approval Blending Quotations and Narrative Explaining Quotations To Change or Not to Change Quotations Deleting Profanities Editorialization Attribution The Purpose of Attribution Statements That Require Attribution Guidelines for the Placement and Frequency of Attribution Direct Quotations Partial Quotations Indirect Quotations Word Choice in Attributing Statements Identifying Sources The Writing Coach: Do You Use Said Enough? The Reporter's Guide to Quotations and Attribution Review Exercises Chapter 11 Interviewing Preparing for the Interview Selecting Interview Sources How Many Sources Are Enough? Researching Sources and Topics Preparing Questions for the Interview Conducting the Interview Selecting a Location Organizing the Questions Dealing with Reluctant Sources and Asking Tough Questions Special Situations Taking Notes Recording Interviews Final Thoughts Writing the Interview Story Guest Columnist: Interviewing Three People about a Deadly Accident The Reporter's Guide to Interviewing Review Exercises Chapter 12 Feature Stories Finding Story Ideas and Gathering Information Parts of Feature Stories The Lead of a Feature Story The Body of a Feature Story The Ending of a Feature Story Types of Feature Stories Profiles or Personality Features Historical Features Adventure Features Seasonal Features Explanatory Features How-To-Do-It Features Occupation or Hobby Features Behind-the-Scenes Features Participatory Features Other Types of Feature Stories The Reporter's Guide to Features Review Exercises Chapter 13 Writing for Broadcast News The Broadcast News Story Leads The Hard Lead The Soft Lead The Throwaway Lead The Umbrella Lead The Body of a Story Updating Broadcast News Stories Guidelines for Copy Preparation Formatting Copy Editing Copy Timing Copy Reviewing Copy Story Length Story Script Using Audio Using Video Sources for Broadcast News News Services Newspapers, Online News and Broadcast News Sources Public Relations News Releases People Broadcast Interviews Writing the Broadcast Story Writing for the Audience Writing for Your Announcer Being a Broadcast Journalist The Reporter's Guide to Broadcast News Writing Style Review Exercises Chapter 14 Visual Journalism The Roots of Visual Journalism Visual Journalism Today Ethics of Visual Journalism The Digital News Package Capturing Photographs Capturing Video Creating Good Video Capturing Audio Required Technology Digital Video Recorder Digital Camera Digital Audio Recorder The Reporter's Guide to Visual Journalism Review Exercises Section IV Applying the Skills of Journalism Chapter 15 Speeches and Meetings Advance Stories Covering the Speech of Meeting Follow Stories Organizing Speech or Meeting Stories Writing Effective Leads Writing Transitions Remember Your Audience Check Facts Adding Color Report What You Hear Describe What You See The Writing Coach: The Expectations of Public Officials towardJournalists The Reporter's Guide to Reporting Speeches and Meetings Review Exercises Chapter 16 Brights, Follow-Ups, Roundups, Sidebars and Obituaries Brights Follow-Ups Roundups Sidebars Obituaries Writing the Biographical Obituary Writing the Feature Obituary The Reporter's Guide to Writing Brights, Follow-Ups, Roundups, Sidebars and Obituaries Review Exercises Chapter 17 Public Affairs Reporting Crime and Accidents Police Sources Key Police Documents Respecting Victims Writing the Crime or Accident Story Words and Phrases to Avoid Local Government City and County Governments School Districts Courts General Information about the Court System Criminal Cases Civil Cases Guest Columnist: Developing Sources on the Police Beat Guest Columnist: Journalists Deliver the Information the Public Needs The Reporter's Guide to Public Affairs Reporting Review Exercises Chapter 18 Introduction to Investigative Reporting What Is Investigative Reporting? Whom and What to Investigate Developing an Investigative Story The Story Idea Resources Planning the Story Gathering Documents Developing Sources The Investigative Interview Writing the Investigative Story Using Technology in Investigative Reporting Using Computers to Get Answers Using Social Media Using Statistics Ethical Issues in Investigative Reporting Guest Columnist: Developing Investigative Story Ideas The Reporter's Guide to Investigative Reporting Review Exercises Chapter 19 Journalism and Public Relations What Is PR? PR Agencies Corporate, Nonprofit and Government PR Working with News Media Advance Stories Event Stories Features Discoveries and Results Tips for Effective News Releases List a Contact Person and a Follow-Up Send the Release on Time Use Journalism's Five W's Write Well Localize Information Provide Visuals Provide Links From the Journalist's Perspective: Working with Press Releases The No. 1 Problem: Lack of Newsworthiness Limited Interest Contrived Events Rewriting for Newsworthiness Rewriting for Wordiness The No. 2 Problem: Lack of Objectivity Advertisements Eliminating Laudatory Adjectives and Puffery Telling the Public What to Do Other Problems with News Releases Stating the Obvious Absence of Solid Facts One-Sided Stories The Reporter's Guide to Public Relations Review Exercises Appendix A City Directory Appendix B Summary of AP Style Appendix C Rules for Forming Possessives Appendix D Answer Key Credit Lines Index

Additional information

Writing and Reporting for the Media by John Bender
Used - Very Good
Oxford University Press Inc
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us

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